All electric appliances fail at some point in their lifetime. This, however, means expenses to us since we have to pay professionals to fix them. Repairing them by yourself is easy but can be intimidating. Here are some tips to help you through the process:
Plugin the appliance and note its behavior. Is it not turning on? Or maybe it’s turning on but not working as expected? Is there any burnt smell? Is there any visible damage? Did you use it correctly the last time you touched it?
Understand Appliance Specifications
Small appliances are usually rated for 110 to 120 volts, while large appliances are rated 220 to 240 volts. Small appliances have few mechanics – a heating element, a fan, blades, or a small motor, while large appliances will have complex mechanics – timers, valves, switches, or solenoids.
These large appliances also have ground wires to earth them due to the large currents they use.
Spot the control devices and distinguish them from the mechanical devices in the equipment. Make sure you have screwdrivers, voltage testers, and voltage meters with you for the next part.
- Disconnect and disassemble the device – you need to disconnect the device from power to avoid electrocution. Then unscrew all bolts and screws you can see and keep them on a magnet to avoid loss.
- Take pictures of the whole device from different angles before disassembly to help remind you where everything was previously. Gather the owner’s manual for purposes of assembly diagrams and reading the guidelines on disassembling the device.
- Start taking parts out one by one but place them somewhere in the order you took them apart. Avoid forcing welds and rivets as you might end up damaging critical parts of the device. If the owner’s manual doesn’t give instructions on how to open welds, search for professional help. However, some parts will open; you have to look for fasteners.
- Check that all the fuses from the plugs to the device have not blown. Also, check if circuit breakers have tripped. If they have, you need to replace them immediately. If you identify burnt or defective parts, you can find reviews sears parts direct and purchase the highest rated parts. If you need advice on where to shop online, go to review sites to find the best-rated shops.
- Push any reset buttons available to kill any deadlocks that might have affected the machine. If you spot a defective part, replace it.
- Use voltage testers and voltage meters to test if power is getting to the critical parts. If not, find the location where power is vanishing – that is the problem.
- It is also prudent to check if your electricity supply is okay; low supply may cause poor performance in your devices. Also, remove dust and lint since these affect the electrical properties of electronic components.
- If you are working on large appliances, you will need to ground them to drain their excess charges.
- Lubricate moving parts such as motors, knobs, fans, and clean electrical contacts with surgical spirit. If carbon brushes on the motor are worn out, it is prudent to replace them for better performance.
- If you encounter any complex issue you cannot solve, Google has many websites providing repair protocols for virtually any electronic device.