The Recovery Village can help you successfully overcome addiction and get sober. Like any other addictive drug, alcohol affects the brain’s chemistry. When a person drinks alcohol, the drug causes their brain to release neurotransmitters responsible for signaling pleasure and reward (among other things). In the brain, alcohol increases the effects of neurotransmitters that slow the body down while also decreasing the effects of neurotransmitters that speed the body up. The combined effect results in many of the intoxicating effects of alcohol.

The RAAS is responsible for maintaining the balance of fluid and electrolytes. An increase in plasma renin results in increased production of angiotensin I (AI), which is converted to angiotensin II (AII) by angiotensin‐converting enzyme (ACE). The hormone AII is a potent vasoconstrictor that stimulates aldosterone and vasopressin secretion from the adrenal gland, promoting sodium and water retention (Schrier 1999). As a result, peripheral resistance and blood volume are increased, leading to elevated arterial blood. Potassium in the diet can lessen the effects of salt (sodium) on blood pressure. The best sources of potassium are foods, such as fruits and vegetables, rather than supplements.

Limiting Alcohol to Manage High Blood Pressure

If you have high blood pressure, you may wonder if medication is necessary to bring the numbers down. Controlling blood pressure with a healthy lifestyle might prevent, delay or reduce the need for medication. When it comes to alcohol consumption, the recommendation likely isn’t the same for everyone.

If left uncontrolled, high blood pressure raises your risk of heart disease and stroke. If you think you may have high blood pressure, make an appointment with your health care provider for a blood pressure test. You might want to wear a short-sleeved shirt to your appointment so it’s easier to place the blood pressure cuff around your arm. Some research suggests that drinking 550 milliliters (ml) of water within 2 hours of waking up and another 550 ml Arrest Of Boston Sober Home Operator Raises Questions About Addiction Treatment 2 hours before bedtime may help reduce blood pressure. One review found that for people with high blood pressure, garlic supplements reduced their systolic blood pressure by up to about 5 mm Hg and their diastolic blood pressure by up to 2.5 mm Hg. People with overweight or obesity who followed low carb and low fat diets saw their diastolic blood pressure fall by an average of about 5 mm Hg and their systolic blood pressure by 3 mm Hg after 6 months.

Alcohol Abuse and Bowel Movements

Most of the included studies did not report the standard error (SE)/standard deviation (SD) of the mean difference (MD) for the outcomes of interest. As described in our protocol, when we were unable to obtain the required SE/SD from study authors or by calculation from the reported P value or 95% CI, we imputed data according to the pre‐specified imputation hierarchy. We most often used the reported endpoint SE/SD value to impute the SE/SD of MD. This is known to provide a good approximation of the SD of change in BP so is unlikely to lead to bias. So, we had to calculate missing MAP values from reported SBP and DBP values using the formula mentioned in the protocol and we imputed the SE/SD for those.